AskDefine | Define naturalism

Dictionary Definition



1 (philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
2 an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description [syn: realism]

User Contributed Dictionary



Confer naturalisme.


  1. A state of nature; conformity to nature.
  2. Metaphaphoric: The doctrine that denies a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in spiritual influences
  3. Any system of philosophy which refers the phenomena of nature as a blind force or forces acting necessarily or according to fixed laws, excluding origination or direction by an intelligent will.
  4. A doctrine which denies a strong separation between scientific and philosophic methodologies and/or topics



Extensive Definition

Naturalism (as distinct from Naturalist, Nature and Natural) can refer to various topics within philosophy and science, environmental movements, and other areas. In philosophy and science, naturalism can refer to:
  • Naturalism (philosophy), any of several philosophical stances wherein all phenomena or hypotheses commonly labeled as supernatural, are either false or not inherently different from natural phenomena or hypotheses
    • Methodological naturalism, is the methodological assumption that observable events in nature are explained only by natural causes without assuming the existence or non-existence of the supernatural,
    • Metaphysical naturalism, a view whereby the world is amenable to a unified study that includes the natural sciences and in this sense the world is a unity.
  • Ethical naturalism, the theory that ethical terms can be defined in non-ethical terms
  • Humanistic naturalism, an outlook that places the emphasis upon a naturalism based upon scientific reasoning
  • Sociological naturalism, the view that the natural world and the social world are roughly identical and governed by similar principles
  • Naturalistic observation, an empirical method of study by which the researcher introduces no outside stimulus, instead witnessing behavior as it naturally occurs in the environment
  • Natural history, especially in older texts
Within environmental movements, naturalism can refer to:
Naturalism can also refer to:

See also

lookfrom Naturalism
  • Naturism, the practice of "social nudity"
naturalism in Czech: Naturalismus
naturalism in German: Naturalismus
naturalism in Estonian: Naturalism (täpsustus)
naturalism in Spanish: Naturalismo (desambiguación)
naturalism in Esperanto: Naturismo
naturalism in French: Naturalisme
naturalism in Icelandic: Náttúruhyggja
naturalism in Italian: Naturalismo
naturalism in Hebrew: נטורליזם
naturalism in Hungarian: Naturalizmus
naturalism in Polish: Naturalizm
naturalism in Russian: Натурализм
naturalism in Swedish: Naturalism

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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